How to Prepare for Super Convergence with Bio-Info-Nano Singularity

Singularity“”More than a century ago, in 1900, Lord Kelvin famously stated, “There is nothing new to be discovered in physics now. All that remains is more and more precise measurement.” Five years later, Albert Einstein published his paper on special relativity, which challenged the very simple set of rules laid down by Newtonian mechanics, which had been used to describe force and motion for more than two hundred years.

Asymmetric Opportunities and Risks

Information and communication technologies — of all kinds — double their power measured in terms of price performance, capacity and bandwidth almost every year. As a result, we are witnessing accelerating trends of exponential growth in the Bio-Info-Nano (BIN) revolution unfolding all around us. Just as soon as we have grasped the relevance of some new BIN innovation, we are challenged by yet more extraordinary discoveries and inventions that completely overwhelm our expectations and understanding. The paradigm shifts, taken together, present asymmetric opportunities for unparalleled growth as well as rising asymmetric risks for humankind’s globalised structure, its sustainability and longevity. This phenomenon of constant acceleration in new technologies is referred to as the Bio-Info-Nano Singularity by ATCA 5000 and Quantum Innovation Labs seeks to leverage this opportunity from an investment perspective.

Super Convergence of The Bio-Info-Nano (BIN) Singularity

The rise of the BIN Singularity suggests that technological progress is reaching such an extremely high, near infinite, value at a point in the near future that it will be impossible to predict what happens next based on extrapolations of past experience. In fact, that experience may be an obstacle to grasping the paradigm shift, which is forcing a multi-generational change. A Singularity is a point at which an otherwise continuous mathematical progression becomes infinite, implying that all continuous extrapolation breaks down beyond that point.

Known and Unknown Unknowns Multiply

Dramatic changes in the rate of world economic growth have occurred in the past because of technological advancement. Based on population growth, the global economy doubled every 250,000 years from the Palaeolithic era until the Neolithic Revolution. This new agricultural economy began to double every 900 years, a significant increase. In the current era, beginning with the Industrial Revolution, the world’s economic output has doubled as an average, every fifteen years, sixty times faster than during the agricultural era. As the rise of the Bio-Info-Nano (BIN) Singularity causes a similar revolution one could expect economic output to double much faster with the requirement for remarkably little human labour or intervention, and this may challenge our assumptions for future global economic growth and stability. It may not be business as usual because the resources of the planet to sustain humanity are finite.

Reverse Engineering The Human Brain

The human capacity for information processing is limited, yet there is an accelerating change in the development and deployment of new technology. This relentless wave upon wave of new information and technology causes an overload on the human mind by eventually flooding it. The resulting acopia — inability to cope — has to be solved by the use of ever more sophisticated information intelligence which reverse engineers the human brain. Extrapolating these capabilities suggests the near-term emergence and visibility of self-improving neural networks, sophisticated artificial intelligence, quantum algorithms, quantum computing and super-intelligence. This metamorphosis is so much beyond present human capabilities that it becomes impossible to understand it with the pre-conceptions and conditioning of the present mindset, societal make-up and existing technology.

Thinking In New Ways

At some point in the not too distant future, non-biological intelligence will combine the subtlety and pattern recognition strength of human intelligence, with the speed, memory, and knowledge sharing of machine intelligence. This new generation of human-like and transhuman machines capable of performing mental and physical tasks as capably as humans and better are likely to cause a rise in wages for a few extraordinary jobs at which humans can still outperform machines. However, a proliferation of human-like machines is likely to cause a net drop in ordinary wages, as humans compete with robots and soft-bots for jobs. Also, the wealth of the technological singularity may be concentrated in the hands of a few who own the means of mass producing the intelligent robot and soft-bot workforce. The Bio-Info-Nano Singularity is a transcendence to a wholly new regime of mind, society and technology, in which we have to learn to think in a new way in order to survive as a species. Why? Non-biological intelligence will continue to evolve exponentially whereas biological intelligence is effectively limited and fixed in terms of physical boundary conditions unless it begins to explore its connectivity with the infinite.

Intelligence Explosion

I J Good, in 1965, first wrote of an “intelligence explosion”, suggesting that if machines could even slightly surpass human intellect, they could improve their own designs in ways unforeseen by their designers, and thus recursively augment themselves into far greater intelligences. The first such improvements might be small, but as the machines become more intelligent they would self-innovate, which could lead to a cascade of self-improvements and a sudden surge towards super-intelligence. This could now happen via the Bio-Info-Nano Singularity.

Modelling The Future

Vernor Vinge, in 1982, proposed that the creation of smarter-than-human intelligence represented a breakdown in humans’ ability to model their future. The argument was that authors cannot write realistic characters who are smarter than humans. If humans could visualise smarter-than-human intelligence, we would be that smart ourselves. Vinge named this event “the Singularity”. He compared it to the breakdown of the prevalent model of physics when it was used to model the gravitational Singularity beyond the event horizon of a black hole.

Sudden Growth

Ray Kurzweil, in 1999, generalised the Singularity to apply it to the sudden growth of any technology — in a similar way to ATCA 5000’s Bio-Info-Nano Singularity Super Convergence — not just intelligence. He argued that Singularity is inevitably implied by a long-term pattern of accelerating change that generalises Moore’s law to technologies predating the integrated circuit, and includes material technology especially as applied to nanotech, medical technology and other disciplines.


Aubrey de Grey, in 2000, applied the term “Methuselarity” to the point at which medical technology improves so fast that expected human lifespan increases by more than one year per year.

Quantum Jumps in Economic Growth

Robin Hanson, in 2008, taking the term “Singularity” as opposed to “Paradigm Shift” to refer to sharp increases in the exponent of economic growth, lists the agricultural and industrial revolutions as past singularities. Although, his use of the term Singularity may be disputed. Extrapolating from such past events, Hanson suggests that the next economic Singularity should increase economic growth between 60 and 250 times. He conveniently ignores the resource constraints. Innovations, manifest as a result of the Bio-Info-Nano Singularity’s approach, that allow for the replacement of virtually all human labour and material resources, could supposedly trigger such an event.

Redundancy & Irrelevance

The key question: What is globalised human society going to do with the mass of under-employed or unemployed human beings that are rendered irrelevant or redundant by the fast approaching Super Convergence of the Bio-Info-Nano Singularity?


At Quantum Innovation Labs ( we continue to strive to understand and to facilitate the ethical research, development and deployment of exponentially advancing Bio-Info-Nano (BIN) technologies for the benefit of the environment and humankind. We seek to work together both within QiLabs and beyond to apply, to focus and to guide these neo-renaissance Bio-Info-Nano tools to address humanity’s collective grand challenges in the 21st century. Much remains to be done to communicate the critical ethics, risks, effects and potential benefits of Bio-Info-Nano (BIN) technologies to the world at large. Promoting BIN advances through the creation of new businesses, new research directions and new collaborations remains central to our vision.””

This article was published by DK Matai (Chairman and Founder at Quantum Innovation Labs, ATCA 5000, mi2g & The Philanthropia) on the 31st March 2015.

Collaborative Leadership – the foundation for creative and innovative business culture

collaborationCollaborative Leadership is increasingly important to the success of businesses and the careers of individuals. In an ever more connected world, where virtual teams and strategic alliances are becoming the norm and businesses are more global than ever before, collaborative leadership is increasingly becoming a more effective management model.

Currently there are new discoveries in brain functions and activities and in particular the link between creativity and innovation with brain stimulation from internal thoughts and external experiences.

I suggest collaborative leadership increases the individuals and collective brain stimulation and is therefore fostering a better creative and innovative business culture.

Mindfulness in Leadership and Organisational Development

Mindfulness-Meditation-Freshness-Of-Experience-300x300Mindfulness is the focusing of attention and awareness.

Evidence indicates that mindfulness meditation leads to well-being through increased awareness. The link between mindfulness practice and leadership & organisational development, in particular, is on the increase.

In Three Levels of Leadership model (Scouller, 2011), Scouller describes a model which emphasises psychological self-mastery and includes mindfulness meditation as one of its main self-development techniques.

Sounds True, an audio recordings company, has mindfulness as a core value:
At Sounds True, we strive to practice mindfulness in every aspect of our work. Recognizing the importance of silence, inward attention, active listening and being centered, Sounds True begins its all-company meetings with a minute of silence and maintains a meditation room on-site for employees to utilize throughout the day.

The secret is to make mindfulness essentially continuous and a conscious experience of body activity within mind in both oneself and others (forming societies, organisations, and/or customers).

Brain Studies on Creativity reveal what goes on at that “Aha!” moment


Daniel Goleman’s book The Brain and Emotional Intelligence: New Insights is revealing what goes on at that “Aha!” moment, and exactly reflecting Professor Sir Harry Kroto description of his experience when he discovery the C60 molecule (Buckminsterfullerene – a new form of carbon), when Professor Sir Harry Kroto said to me “…it is when you have been completely engaged in a thought or problem during day & night for months and your mind momentarily relaxes, the solution or idea suddenly becomes clear.”

Brain studies on creativity reveal what goes on at that “Aha!” moment when we get a sudden insight. If you measure EEG brain waves during a creative moment, it turns out there is very high gamma activity that spikes 300 milliseconds before the answer comes to us. Gamma activity indicates the binding together of neurons, as far-flung brain cells connect in a new neural network – as when a new association emerges. Immediately after that gamma spike, the new idea enters our consciousness.

This heightened activity focuses on the temporal area, a center on the side of the right neocortex. This is the same brain area that interprets metaphor and “gets” jokes. It understands the language of the unconscious what Freud called the “primary process”: the language of poems, of art, of myth. It’s the logic of dreams where anything goes and the impossible is possible.

That high gamma spike signals that the brain has a new insight. At that moment, right hemisphere cells are using these longer branches and connections to other parts of the brain. They’ve collected more information and put it together in a novel organization.

What’s the best way to mobilize this brain ability?  It’s first to concentrate intently on the goal or problem, and then relax into stage three: let go. The converse of letting go – trying to force an insight – can inadvertently stifle creative breakthrough. If you’re thinking and thinking about it, you may just be getting tenser and not coming up with fresh ways of seeing things, let alone a truly creative insight.

So to get to the next stage, you just let go. Unlike the intense focus of grappling with a problem head-on, the third stage is characterized by a high alpha rhythm, which signals mental relaxation, a state of openness, of daydreaming and drifting, where we’re more receptive to new ideas. This sets the stage for the novel connections that occur during the gamma spike.

Those moments of out-of-the-blue, spontaneous creative insights may seem to come out of nowhere. But we can assume that the same process has gone on, where there was some degree of engagement in a creative problem, and then during “down time” neural circuits make novel associations and connections. Even when creative insights seem to arise on their own, the brain may be going through the same moves as during the three classical stages.

On the other hand, I would guess that the three or four classical stages of creativity are somewhat of a useful fiction – the creative spirit is more freewheeling than that. I think the main neural action is between intense focus on the problem and then relaxing about it. And when that creative idea arrives, it’s almost certain that the brain has gone through that same heightened pitch of gamma activity that was found in the lab.

Is there a way to create the conditions whereby the gamma spike is more likely to occur? Gamma spikes normally come at random – they can’t be forced. But the mental stage can be set. The pre-work for the gamma spike includes defining the problem, then immersing yourself in it. And then you let it all go – and it’s during the let-go period that gamma spike is most likely to arise, along with that “Aha!” moment, the light bulb over the head of a cartoon figure.

There’s a physical marker we sometimes feel during a gamma spike: pleasure. With the “Aha!” comes joy. Then there’s that fourth stage, implementation, where a good idea will either sink or swim. I remember talking to the director of a huge research lab. He had about 4,000 scientists and engineers working for him. He told me, “We have a rule about a creative insight: if somebody offers a novel idea, instead of the next person who speaks shooting it down – which happens all too often in organizational life – the next person who speaks must be an ‘angel’s advocate,’ someone who says, ‘that’s a good idea and here’s why.'”

Creative ideas are like a fragile bud – they’ve got to be nurtured so they can blossom.

Learn more about maximizing your brain states at work with The Brain and Emotional Intelligence: New Insights from More Than Sound by Daniel Goleman.

Is there a parallel between Quantum Physics and Ideas?

Probability densities corresponding to the wavefunctions of an electron in a hydrogen atom possessing definite energy levels (increasing from the top of the image to the bottom: n = 1, 2, 3, ...) and angular momenta (increasing across from left to right: s, p, d, ...). Brighter areas correspond to higher probability density in a position measurement.

Probability densities corresponding to the wavefunctions of an electron in a hydrogen atom possessing definite energy levels (increasing from the top of the image to the bottom: n = 1, 2, 3, …) and angular momenta (increasing across from left to right: s, p, d, …). Brighter areas correspond to higher probability density in a position measurement.

In Quantum Physics a subatomic particle exist simultaneously everywhere until the time it is observed.  The particle is described by an infinite number of probability waves. The probability wave, or wavefunction (the mathematical function), provides information about the probability amplitude of position, momentum and other physical properties.

When the particle is observed (measured), these probability waves collapses into a superimposed concrete probability wave. Providing usable information, with known uncertainty.

Is there a parallel with how an idea forms in our conscious mind?

Innovation in children. Does our education system cultivate or destroy?

A 6 year old found it very difficult to concentrate in school except for in drawing lessons. The teacher was intrigued, so during the drawing lesson she went over to observe the child and asked
“What are you drawing?”
And the child said
“I am drawing a picture of God”
The teacher replied
“But no one knows what God looks like”
The child answered
“They will in a minute!”

Children are born with an extraordinary capacity of innovation, and creativity expert Sir Ken Robinson challenges the way we are educating our children. He champions a radical rethink of our education system, to cultivate creativity and acknowledge multiple types of intelligence. He says “all children have multiple types of intelligence and creativity should have an equal importance to literacy in our education and be treated with the same status”.

Further, children are less likely to be concerned about “getting it wrong” than adults and are therefore more open to “having a go” and trying different ideas.

Adults were taught in school that it is bad to be getting it wrong, and Companies are therefore following in the same path crippled by the stigma of “getting it wrong”.

Is it time for a change?

Does Fear Prevent or Promote Ideas

Experiencing fear in any situation changes your state of mind. When it comes to the unlocking or incubation of ideas, does fear prevent or promote?

In most organised brainstorming sessions the organisers typically aim to create a free or relaxed environment to unlock new and different ideas and it is considered that stressful or fearful environments prevent the flow of ideas.

Does creating short moments of fear bring a heightened or changed state of mind that promotes ideas.

“How scientists discovered the “fear center” of the brain

Fear is one of the most universally understood human emotions. Every one of us is familiar with the feelings, behaviors, and symptoms engendered by fear — so familiar, in fact, that we can sense it in the voices and actions of our friends and loved ones, and even recognize it in the facial expressions of complete strangers. Yet the neural underpinnings of fear remain something of a mystery.

Having said that, much of what we do know about how our brains process fear boils down to two tiny little lumps of neurons; whether you’re a human, a rat, a monkey or a mouse, when it comes to processing fear, the vast majority of research says that the most important parts of your brain are your amygdalae, a pair of almond-shaped clusters of neurons sequestered deep within your medial temporal lobes.

For over seventy years, studies have suggested that these unassuming little amygdalae actually play an indispensable role in processing brain signals important to perceiving and experiencing fear, but it’s taken us up until now to confirm just how important they really are.

The significance of the amygdala in the processing of fear likely has to do with its position relative to several key regions of the brain. The amygdalae receive many of their main inputs from the visual, auditory and somatosensory cortices, while its primary outputs are to the hypothalamus, which regulates the production of hormones like adrenaline. One of the main roles of the amygdala is therefore thought to be coupling the perception of a threat via sensory stimuli to a fear-induced fight-or-flight response, initiated in part by the release of hormones like adrenaline, triggered by the amygdala via the hypothalamus.

This, of course, is a vastly simplified explanation of what’s going on inside that head of yours every time a horror flick scares the ever-loving crap out of you; in theory, the various inputs and outputs leading to and from your amygdalae are actually involved in several layers of cross-communication that allow for them to regulate your behavior (and vice versa).”

Engagement Generates New Ideas

I remember, when I attended lectures held by Professor Sir Harry Kroto at the University of Sussex a few years after his discovery of the C60 molecule (Buckminsterfullerene – a new form of carbon), Professor Sir Harry Kroto saying to me “…it is when you have been completely engaged in a thought or problem during day & night for months and your mind momentarily relaxes, the solution or idea suddenly becomes clear.”.

Sussex Nobel winner’s ‘football’ molecule research listed in top 10 discoveries

Nobel Prize-winning research carried out by Professor Sir Harry Kroto at the University of Sussex has been named by fellow academics as one of the ten most important discoveries made by their peers at UK universities in the past 60 years.

A poll of UK academics placed Professor Kroto’s 1985 discovery of the microscopic “footballs” known as buckyballs tenth in a list topped by the discovery of DNA, the first computer, stem cell research, the contraceptive pill and the Internet.

The poll was carried out to mark Universities Week, which is to take place from 14-20 June. It placed the discovery of the structure of DNA (unveiled on 28 February 1953) ahead of other key UK university discoveries such as the computer, Dolly the Sheep and the contraceptive pill.

Professor Kroto and his US collaborators Robert Curl and Richard Smalley revealed that carbon can exist as tiny spherical molecules, now known as fullerenes or buckyballs, a discovery that led to Professor Kroto being jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1996 for the discovery of the C60 molecule (Buckminsterfullerene – a new form of carbon).  The C60 molecule was created from 60 carbon atoms arranged in the same structure as a football.

The discovery of a whole family of carbon-cage molecules soon followed, collectively dubbed fullerenes after their similarity to the geodesic domes designed by the late Richard Buckminster Fuller. Fullerenes include football and rugby ball shapes and tubes of carbon, called nanotubes, which sparked the nanotech revolution.

The molecules are incredibly strong, and vary in shape from the prototype ball to rugby balls and tubes, known as nanotubes, which are about 100 times as strong as steel, but as light as the graphite in ordinary pencils – properties that make for endless practical applications.

Professor Kroto, who was invited to announce the poll results, said: “It surely comes as no surprise that DNA has come out top. It is not only pre-eminently important to understanding almost every fundamental aspect of life itself but it is also so beautiful and at the same time so simple in revealing how genetic characteristics are transmitted.

“Despite the fact that the discovery is over 50 years old, this finding is instrumental in every element of our lives and the basis of our understanding about life on Earth.

“This list demonstrates the outstanding level of achievement of research scientists in UK universities and their impact on our everyday lives. Even in another 60 years I hope that this list will inspire people to appreciate the contribution to human knowledge and well-being of researchers in our universities.  We have some of the world’s best researchers and must continue to value their work if we are to advance our understanding of the world and of what humans are capable.”

Professor Laurence Pearl, Head of the School of Life Sciences at the University of Sussex welcomed the inclusion of Professor Kroto’s work in the top 10 list. He said: “The discoveries cited in the list are pinnacles on the mountains of exciting and innovative research work carried out in universities and research Institutes by thousands of scientists.

“All these major successes came from asking basic questions and it would have been almost impossible to have predicted the significance of the outcomes, when the scientists responsible started to address their particular problem.

“We will only keep this level of achievement, and the economic prosperity it drives, if we continue to take chances and provide the financial support for curiosity driven research in our Universities.”

Strategic Idea Creation

Ideation is the creative process of generating, developing, and communicating new ideas, where an idea is understood as a basic element of thought that can be visual, concrete, or abstract. Ideation is all stages of a thought cycle, from incubation, to application and engagement. As such, it is an essential part of the design process, both in theory and practice.

Idea generation is the cornerstone of many organisations. As consultants in our various fields of expertise, we are expected to be knowledgeable of our respective industries and look for problems in those industries and propose ways to solve them. A single idea can propel a one man business into a multi-billion venture.